What is Glaucoma and It’s Treatments

What is Glaucoma and It’s Treatments?

Glaucoma is an eye disease that can damage your optic nerve. The optic nerve supplies visual information to your brain from your eyes.

Glaucoma is usually, but not always, the result of abnormally high pressure inside your eye. Over time, the increased pressure can erode your optic nerve tissue, which may lead to vision loss or even blindness. If it’s caught early, you may be able to prevent additional vision loss.

Main Symptoms of Glaucoma

  • Severe eye pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Redness in your eye
  • Sudden vision disturbances
  • Seeing colored rings around lights
  • Sudden blurred vision

What Are the Types of Glaucoma?

There are two main kinds:

Open-angle Glaucoma:- It’s the most common type. Open-angle glaucoma also calls it wide-angle glaucoma. The drain structure in your eye. it’s called the trabecular meshwork its looks normal, but fluid doesn’t flow out like it should.

Angle-closure Glaucoma:– It called acute or chronic angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma. Your eye doesn’t drain right because the drain space between your iris and cornea becomes too narrow. This can cause a sudden build-up of pressure in your eye. It’s also linked to farsightedness and cataracts, a clouding of the lens inside your eye.

How Is Glaucoma Treated?

Below is the Glaucoma Treated process meagrely used

  • Eye drops,
  • Laser surgery
  • Microsurgery

Eye drops:-

By using Eye drops its reduce the formation of fluid in the eye or increase its outflow, thereby lowering eye pressure. Side effects may include allergies, redness, stinging, blurred vision, and irritated eyes. Some glaucoma drugs may affect your heart and lungs. Be sure to ask your doctor about any other medications you’re taking.

Laser surgery:-

Laser or traditional surgery can help fluid drain from the eye. Angle-closure (narrow-angle) glaucoma comes on suddenly. It is a medical emergency. A doctor can do laser treatment to relieve pressure inside the eye. This procedure can slightly increase the flow of the fluid from the eye for people with open-angle glaucoma. It can stop fluid blockage if you have angle-closure glaucoma. Procedures include:

  • Trabeculoplasty: Opens the drainage area
  • Iridotomy: Makes a tiny hole in the iris to let fluid flow more freely
  • Cyclophotocoagulation: Treats areas of the middle layer of your eye to reduce fluid production

Microsurgery:-

In a procedure called a trabeculectomy, the doctor creates a new channel to drain the fluid and ease eye pressure. Sometimes this form of glaucoma surgery fails and has to be redone. Your doctor might implant a tube to help drain fluid. Surgery can cause temporary or permanent vision loss, as well as bleeding or infection.Open-angle glaucoma is most often treated with various combinations of eye drops, laser trabeculoplasty, and microsurgery.

Triveni Multi-Speciality  Hospital In Gurugram is providing  treatment for Glaucoma in Gurugram. You may take prior appointment for avoiding rush. Timely treatment may save your vision. So act fast and live a healthy life.

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